Volume 25, Issue 97 (4-2016)                   jour guilan uni med sci 2016, 25(97): 56-60 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohamadi J, Niyazmand F, Maleki Ziabari S M. Epidemiological Investigation of Poisoning Cases Assisted by Guilan Province 115 Emergency. jour guilan uni med sci. 2016; 25 (97) :56-60
URL: http://journal.gums.ac.ir/article-1-1151-en.html
Guilan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (2668 Views)

Abstract

Introduction: Poisoning is a major problem which threatens health throughout the world.

Objective: Because of the presence of such cases in the statistics of the cases assisted by pre-hospitalization emergency services, the present paper aims to epidemiologically investigate intentional and unintentional poisoning cases assisted by Guilan Emergency Services during the period between 2012 -2013.

Materials and Methods: The present study is a descriptive – cross-sectional one  analyzing patients’ status and the month of occurrence through providing and reviewing a checklist involving variables such as age, gender and the type of intentional or unintentional poisoning. Data are analyzed using SPSS 19 in significance level of 0.05.

Results: According to the results, among the total number of 3789 poisoning cases in Guilan occurred from 2012 to 2013, 69.5% were males and 30.5% were females. Most cases occurred in the age range of 21- 30 years (37.3%). Most cases of intentional poisoning included abuse of pharmaceuticals and medicine, especially Benzodiazepines and most unintentional cases included addictive drug abuse. The highest occurrence rate belonged to June.

Conclusion: The most prevalent type of intentional and unintentional poisoning cases is drug-induced poisoning. Hence, authorities are required to pay more and specific attention to the issue. 

Full-Text [PDF 177 kb]   (643 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/04/4 | Accepted: 2016/04/4 | Published: 2016/04/4

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