Volume 25, Issue 99 (10-2016)                   jour guilan uni med sci 2016, 25(99): 34-42 | Back to browse issues page

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Abrishamkesh S, KafiMasoleh S, FallahiKheshtMasjedi M. Styles of Expressing Emotion in Women Suffering from Breast Cancer Compared to Healthy Women. jour guilan uni med sci. 2016; 25 (99) :34-42
URL: http://journal.gums.ac.ir/article-1-1283-en.html
Department of Disaster Risk Management, Guilan University of Medical Sciences,Rasht ,Iran
Abstract:   (2782 Views)

Introduction: Severe and chronic diseases can influence patients` psychological factors and prevent expressing emotion at an appropriate level.

Objective: The purpose of this research is to study and compare emotional expressiveness, emotional control and ambivalence in emotional expressiveness in women suffering from breast cancer and healthy counterparts.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 108 married women living in Rasht (54 suffering from breast cancer and 54 healthy women) were studied using available sampling method and based on the purpose of selection and through questionnairs related to styles of expressing emotion including emotional expressiveness questionnaires (EEQ), ambivalence in emotional expressiveness questionnaires and Emotional Control Questioners (ECQ). To compare two independent samples, the data were analyzed by ANOVA and SPSS-18 software.

Results: The results showed that women suffering from breast cancer had significantly less emotional expressiveness (in comparison with healthy women) (p<0.01) and also in subscales of this variable (expressing  positive emotion, intimacy and negative emotion) women suffering from breast cancer significantly showed less positive emotional expressiveness. Comparing the two groups in terms of emotional control variable, we found that women suffering from breast cancer also had significantly (p<0.01) more emotional control and also in subscales of this variable (emotional inhibition, aggression control, obsessive rumination and benign control) women suffering from breast cancer had significantly more emotional inhibition. Despite the higher scores, the results did not show any significant difference in ambivalence variable and subscales variable (ambivalence in positive emotion express and ambivalence in express entitlements).

Conclusion: The styles of emotion expression have considerable roles in preserving and maintaining relationship. Coping through emotional appeal (Such as active coping and processing by means of emotional expression) can lead to positive social responses and community support as a buffer in coping with the disease and more adaptability in patients with breast cancer.

Conflict of interest: none declared

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/10/31 | Accepted: 2016/10/31 | Published: 2016/10/31

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