Volume 25, Issue 100 (2-2017)                   jour guilan uni med sci 2017, 25(100): 19-27 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (3610 Views)

Introduction: Hepatitis B is one of the most common occupational diseases. People who are dealing with blood and its derivatives as workers are at high risk for the diseases. The behavior of employees plays a major role in morbidity and spread of such diseases. These behaviors are related to motivation, perception of disease and individuals’ beliefs about disease so that these factors are part of the health belief model in health education.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine factors related to preventive behaviors of Hepatitis B based on health belief model in high risk workers.

Materials and Methods: In this descriptive- analytical study, 110 high risk workers referred to health center no 6 in Rasht city, that is only service provider for employees at risk of hepatitis B vaccination were selected by simple sampling. Data were collected by a valid and reliable questionnaire based on health belief model. The data were analyzed using software SPSS through the Pearson correlation, independent t-test and analysis of variance.

Results: Most of the participants were female (56 %) and mean age was 31 ± 7 years. As for preventive behaviors, 56 % of high-risk workers had not received hepatitis B vaccine. The findings of this study showed that among the Constructs of HBM, Perceived benefits and cues to action were significantly associated with Preventive behaviors of hepatitis B(P<0.005).

Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, reinforcement of the constructs of perceived benefits and cues to action can promote preventive behaviors of hepatitis B in high-risk workers. Therefore, precautious continuous training with emphasis on health belief model is recommended.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/01/25 | Accepted: 2017/01/25 | Published: 2017/01/25