:: Volume 26, Number 102 (8-2017) ::
3 2017, 26(102): 37-45 Back to browse issues page
Pattern of Pesticide Poisoning in Gorgan
Mohammad Shokrzadeh, Jafar Jalilian, Somayyeh Tayyebi, Amir Hajimohammadi, Azam Delaram, Yaghoub Shayeste *
MSc in Toxicology, Health Management and Social Development Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Abstract:   (261 Views)
Introduction: Pesticide intoxication is one of the major public health problems in the world.
Objectives: Pesticide intoxication is one of the major public health problems in the world. the aim of our study was to investigate the patternof acute pesticide poisoningin gorgan, Iran.
Materials and Methods:This cross-sectional study was carried out on all cases admitted to a university hospital in gorganwho were hospitalized due to pesticide poisoning during march 2008 to march 2016. data were obtained from medical records and SPSS software (ver. 16) and pearson's chi-squared test were used for data analysis.
Results: A total of 1168 poisoning cases, 116 cases due to pesticide poisonings, were entered into the study. 74.1% (n=86)of them were men and 50% (n=58) aged 20–29 years. 52.6% (n=61) of cases were married and 55.2% (n=64) had educational degree up to high school diploma aluminum phosphide was the most commonly used toxic agent (62.9%, n=73), followed by organophosphate (23.3%, n=27). most of poisoning cases occurred following suicidal attempts (89.7%, n=104) andmost suicide attempts were made by aluminum phosphide (70.2%, n=73). overall, 26 patients (22.4%) died. the highest number of deaths was due to aluminum phosphide poisoning (96.1%, n=25) and most cases of mortality belonged to the age groups of 20-29 years(50%, n=13).
Conclusion:Among pesticides, poisoning with aluminum phosphide especially by suicide attempt was the most common causes of morbidity and mortality.
Conflict of interest: none Declared
Keywords: Pesticides, Poisoning, Suicide
Full-Text [PDF 357 kb]   (87 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/07/25 | Accepted: 2017/07/25 | Published: 2017/07/25

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Volume 26, Number 102 (8-2017) Back to browse issues page