Volume 19, Issue 75 (10-2010)                   jour guilan uni med sci 2010, 19(75): 73-78 | Back to browse issues page

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Vejdani J, Zahiri Sorouri Z, Emami A. Survey the Relationship between the Type of Delivery and Enamel Defects of the First Permanent Molars. jour guilan uni med sci. 2010; 19 (75) :73-78
URL: http://journal.gums.ac.ir/article-1-189-en.html
Guilan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (5343 Views)
Abstract Introduction: The enamel of the permanent first molars is initiated at about the 20th weeks in uterine. The first partially mineralized enamel matrix is laid down, starting at the sites of future cusps. At birth, the secondary mineralization has started at the cusps and the mineralization continues during the first years after birth. The researches indicated that any stressful event during birth (like cesarean section delivery) is likely to result in clinically evident enamel defects. A few researches considered the possible relation between type of delivery and enamel defects. Objective: To investigate the relationship between type of delivery and enamel defects of the first permanent molar. Materials and Methods: In this analytical historical cohort study, 120 children who were 7-8years-old and had born by cesarean delivery and 120 children at the same age who had born by normal vaginal delivery were chosen to examine clinical feature of their first permanent molars. In cesarean group, there were 60 children who had born by urgent cesarean and 60 children by elective cesarean. The birth files of 1999- 2000 years were extracted and the information about type of delivery, mothers age, and infants health at birth was collected. Enamel defect was recorded according to DDE index. Data was analyzed by T-test and x2 test. Results: Findings showed enamel defects of the first permanent molars in children who born by cesarean delivery were significantly more than children born by normal vaginal delivery (70% versus 40.8%). But there weren’t any significant relationship between the prevalence of enamel defects in two types of cesarean (30% versus 33%). Conclusion: According to results, it is necessary to explain the importance of cesarean as a cause of effective factor on child's first permanent morals and have to aware dentists and parents.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/11/16 | Accepted: 2013/11/16 | Published: 2013/11/16

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