Volume 28, Issue 111 (11-2019)                   jour guilan uni med sci 2019, 28(111): 30-44 | Back to browse issues page

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Kousha M, Mohammadi M, Roshandel rad M, Khaleghi A, Ahmadi A, Yahyazadeh A, et al . The Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders in Children and Adolescents in Rasht City. jour guilan uni med sci. 2019; 28 (111) :30-44
URL: http://journal.gums.ac.ir/article-1-2193-en.html
Abstract:   (593 Views)
Abstract
Introduction: psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents are very important.To understand more of etiology, diagnosis and treatment as well as prevention, the first step is epidemiological studies.
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years in Rasht city and suburbs and the relation between the presence of a mental disorder and demographic characteristics of the children and the families.
Materials and Methods: This study is a cross-sectional analytical study conducted in Rasht city and suburbs.The statistical population includes 147653 children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years in Rasht and suburbs.We selected 1024 children and adolescents aged 6-18 years by multistage cluster random sampling method from urban and rural parts of Rasht. The clinical psychologists completed the Persian version of Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 and were interpreted using descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation) and odds ratios.
Results: The overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years in Guilan province was 20/7% (95% confidence interval 18.33-23.29%). The most common disorder was any Anxiety disorder (14.1%). Based on the results,Separation anxiety disorder (6.6%), Generalized Anxiety (5/9%), Phobia (3/4%) and Agoraphobia (3/2%) were the most prevalent disorders in this population.
Conclusion: The high prevalence of anxiety disorders demands further consideration and treatment plans on the part of corresponding authorities.
Conflict of interest: non declared
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/11/16 | Accepted: 2019/11/16 | Published: 2019/11/16

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