Volume 16, Issue 62 (7-2007)                   jour guilan uni med sci 2007, 16(62): 58-66 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohseni Band pey M, Fakhri M, Ahmad Shirveni M, Bagheri nami M, Khaliliyan A. A Comparative Evaluation of an Exercise Program and Ergonomic Advices in the Treatment of Low Back Pain: A Randomised Controlled Clinical Trial in Nursing Population . jour guilan uni med sci. 2007; 16 (62) :58-66
URL: http://journal.gums.ac.ir/article-1-382-en.html
Abstract:   (6553 Views)
Abstract Introduction: Annually, one third of work related injuries belongs to the musculoskeletal disorders and low back pain is the most commonly reported injury. There are many therapeutic interventions available in the treatment of low back pain, but the most effective treatment is yet demonstrated. The present study was designed to compare the effect of an exercise program and ergonomic advices in the treatment of low back pain. Objective: The aim of this study consists of: comparative evaluating of an exercise program and ergonomic advices in the treatment of low back pain in nursing population at Mazandaran province. Materials and Methods: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial study which, 236 nurses matched by age, gender and body Mass Index were randomly divided into four groups. The first three groups were received intervention (group 1, therapeutic exercise combined with ergonomic advices group2, therapeutic exercise only and group 3, ergonomic advices only). The fourth group was given no intervention. Pain on Visual Analogue Scale and disability on Oswestry Low Back Disability Questionnaire were measured at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after intervention. Results: Statistical analysis indicated that there was significant differences on pain and disability measurements in all instances using ANOVA (p<0.001). A Repeated Measurements test showed significant improvements in the first three groups both on pain and disability following intervention (p<0.01). No significant changes were found in the fourth group (control group) neither on pain nor disability score. Dunnet test revealed significant difference between each first three group (group 1, 2 and 3) and the fourth group on pain and disability (p<0.001). Conclusion: The results demonstrate that therapeutic exercise and ergonomic advices could be considered as effective approaches in the treatment of low back pain. Therefore, more emphasis should be put on regular exercise and ergonomic advices in the nursing population in order to prevent and control such a common and costly health problem.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/12/30 | Accepted: 2013/12/30 | Published: 2013/12/30

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