Volume 15, Issue 59 (10-2006)                   jour guilan uni med sci 2006, 15(59): 69-74 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (5861 Views)
Abstract Introduction: Beta-thalassemia patients require regular iron chelation therapy based on the severity of disease, treatment and its complications. Then these patients should receive regular medical care. The relation between dental caries and some diseases are identified. But unfortunately dental and oral problems in these patients received less attention and present information is little. Researchers also stated different opinions. The prevalence and severity of dental caries have been documented to be associated with a number of diseases. Little data are available on the association of dental caries with beta- thalassemia major. While some studies reported increase dental caries in these patients, other studies showed no differences between thalassemia patients and healthy controls. Objective: This study aimed to examine the levels of dental caries in beta-thalassemia patients and to compare it with matched nonthalassemic healthy controls. Materials and Methods: This study is cross sectional with control group. 60 thalassemia patients in health center of Iran Institute thalasemia and 60 healthy controls (referrals to college and patients healthy accompanies) were assessed by DMF Index. The two groups were matched in age sex, socio-economic condition, oral hygiene, eating carious material and its frequency. Results: Mean DMF were 7.3 (SD=3.80) and 7.26 (SD=3.73) in patients and healthy controls respectively. There was no significant difference between patients & healthy controls in DMF index. Mean D and F were 5.55 and 1.33 in patients and controls respectively. There were significant differences between two groups in D and F indexes. There was not significant difference between DMF index in males and females in both groups. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the two groups regarding DMF and it seems that there is no relation between Beta – thalasemia major and dental caries. As advanced treatment has greatly increased the probability for a thalassemic child to reach adult age, regular dental visits are recommended. Since decay was seen in patients more than controls, it's necessary to examine and fill them.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/01/13 | Accepted: 2014/01/13 | Published: 2014/01/13