Volume 23, Issue 91 (10-2014)                   jour guilan uni med sci 2014, 23(91): 16-22 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Tarbiat Modares University , aminsh_f@modares.ac.ir
2- Tarbiat Modares University
3- Guilan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (5009 Views)
Abstract Introduction: Although children’s dental health has generally improved over recent decades, yet, dental problems has a high prevalence during childhood. Three main constructs perceived benefits, perceived barriers and perceived self-efficacy are the major motivational constructs because of helping people to shape a positive behavioral history for the future by focusing on the benefits of a behavior, teaching how to overcome barriers to carrying out the behavior, and engendering high levels of self-efficacy. Objective: Determining the predictive power of three main constructs perceived benefits, perceived barriers and perceived self-efficacy in brushing behavior among primary schools female students in Rasht city Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on female students of grade four in Rasht in 2012. According to the statistical estimation and systematic sampling method, the number of samples and schools were 265 and 22, respectively. From each school about 12 students were selected with simple randomized sampling. The measuring tool was a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive methods, and analytical methods like Chi2, Mann-Whitney U test and Logistic regression. Results: As shown, 17.4% of the students brush at least twice a day. The logistic regression analysis indicated that perceived barriers (OR=1.73, 95%CI=1.07-2.79, P=0.024) and mother’s educational level (OR=5.31, 95%CI=1.41-20.0, P=0.014) were the significant predicting factors for tooth brushing twice a day or more. According to the Mann-Whitney U test, perceived barriers, perceived self-efficacy and along with Chi2 test, mother’s educational level were significant factors (P<0.0001). There was also a significant difference between fatigue, laziness and impatience with brushing at least twice a day (P<0.0001). ConclusionThe educational intervention programs to promoting brushing behavior in this age group should focus on overcoming the barriers particularly on the three above-named barriers. Promoting the educational level of mothers and planning the educational programs for them in this field are recommended as well. As perceived self-efficacy has statistical significant difference with regular brushing behavior, it has no power to predict behavior. This finding could be supported by Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, according to which children during the concrete operational stage still have difficulties with abstract terms
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/09/29 | Accepted: 2014/09/29 | Published: 2014/09/29